Selection of some classics of music

The Adagio in G minor for violinstrings and organ continuo, is a neo-Baroque composition popularly attributed to the 18th-century Venetian master Tomaso Albinoni, but composed by the 20th-century musicologist and Albinoni biographer Remo Giazotto and based on the disputed discovery of a manuscript fragment from Albinoni.

 
Albinoni, Adagio

 


The Piano Concerto No. 23 in A major (K. 488) is a musical composition for piano and orchestra written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. It was finished, according to Mozart’s own catalogue, on March 2, 1786, around the time of the premiere of his opera, The Marriage of Figaro. It was one of three subscription concerts given that spring and was probably played by Mozart himself at one of these. The concerto is scored for piano solo and an orchestra consisting of one flute, two clarinets, two bassoons, two horns and strings.

The Symphony No. 25 in G minorK. 183/173dB, was written in October 1773, shortly after the success of his opera seria Lucio Silla. It was supposedly completed October 5, a mere two days after the completion of his Symphony No. 24, although this remains unsubstantiated. It is widely known as the opening music in Miloš Forman‘s film Amadeus.

The Lacrimosa is part of the Dies Irae sequence in the Requiem mass. Its text comes from the 18th and 19th stanzas of the sequence. Many composers, including MozartBerlioz, and Verdi have set the text as a discrete movement of the Requiem.

 
Mozart, Adagio

 
Mozart, Symphony

 
Mozart, Lacrimosa


AllegriMiserere, (full title: Miserere mei, Deus, Latin for « Have mercy on me, O God ») by Italian composer Gregorio Allegri, is a setting of Psalm 51 (50) composed during the reign of Pope Urban VIII, probably during the 1630s, for use in the Sistine Chapel during matins, as part of the exclusive Tenebrae service on Holy Wednesday and Good Friday of Holy Week. It is written for two choirs, the one of five and the other of four voices, and has obtained considerable celebrity. Many have cited this work as an example of the stile antico (old style) or prima pratica (first practice).

 
Albinoni, Miserere


Ellens dritter Gesang (Ellens Gesang III, D839, Op 52 no 6, 1825), Ellen’s third song in English, was composed by Franz Schubert in 1825 as part of his Opus 52, a setting of seven songs from Walter Scott‘s popular epic poem The Lady of the Lake, loosely translated into German.
It has become one of Schubert’s most popular works under the title of Ave Maria, in arrangements with various lyrics which commonly differ from the original context of the poem.

The Trio No. 2 in E-flat major for piano, violin, and violoncelloD. 929, was one of the last compositions completed by Franz Schubert, dated November 1827. It was published by Probst asopus 100 in late 1828, shortly before the composer’s death and first performed at a private party in January 1828 to celebrate the engagement of Schubert’s school-friend Josef von Spaun. The Trio was among the only of Schubert’s late compositions he heard performed before his death.

 
Schubert, Ave Maria

 
Schubert, D929 Trio op. 100


Pachelbel’s Canon is the most famous piece of music by German Baroque composer Johann Pachelbel. It was originally scored for three violins andbasso continuo and paired with a gigue in the same key. Like most other works by Pachelbel and other pre-1700 composers, the Canon remained forgotten for centuries and was rediscovered only in the 20th century. Several decades after it was first published in 1919, the piece became extremely popular, and today it is frequently played at weddings and included on classical music compilations, along with other famous Baroque pieces such as Air on the G String by Johann Sebastian Bach.

 
Pachelbel, Canon


Cantique de Jean Racine (Op. 11) is a work for mixed chorus and piano or organ by Gabriel Fauré. Written by the nineteen year old composer in 1864-5, the piece won Fauré the first prize when he graduated from the École Niedermeyer and was first performed the following year on August 4, 1866, with accompaniment of strings and organ. It was first published around 1875 or 1876 (Schoen, Paris, as part of the series Echo des Maîtrises) and appeared in a version for orchestra (possibly by the composer) in 1906. The accompaniment has also been arranged for strings and harp by John Rutter.

The Pavane in F-sharp minorOp. 50, written in 1887. Obtaining its rhythm from the slow processional Spanish court dance of the same name, the Pavane ebbs and flows from a series of harmonic and melodic climaxes, conjuring a cool, somewhat haunting, Belle Époque elegance. The piece is scored for only modest orchestral forces consisting of strings and one pair each of flutesoboesclarinetsbassoons, and horns. A typical performance lasts around seven minutes.

 
Fauré, Cantique

 
Fauré, Pavane


pyotr_ilyich_tchaikovsky_03

The Symphony No. 6 in B minor, Op. 74, Pathétique is Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky‘s final completed symphony, written between February and the end of August 1893. The composer led the first performance in Saint Petersburg on 28 October of that year, nine days before his death.

 
Tchaikovsky, Pathetique


Gloria in excelsis Deo is the title and beginning of a hymn known also as the Greater Doxology (as distinguished from the « Minor Doxology » or Gloria Patri) and the Angelic Hymn. The name is often abbreviated to Gloria in Excelsis or simply Gloria.

The Four Seasons is Vivaldi’s best-known work, and is among the most popular pieces of Baroque music. The texture of each concerto is varied, each resembling its respective season. For example, « Winter » is peppered with silvery pizzicato notes from the high strings, calling to mind icy rain, whereas « Summer » evokes a thunderstorm in its final movement, which is why the movement is often dubbed « Storm. »

 
Vivaldi, Gloria

 
Vivaldi, Season Summer


Má vlast (traditionally translated as « My Country », though more strictly meaning « homeland ») is a set of six symphonic poems composed between 1874 and 1879 by the Czech composer Bedřich SmetanaVltava, also known by its German name Die Moldau (or The Moldau), was composed between 20 November and 8 December 1874 and was premiered on 4 April 1875. It is about 12 minutes long, and is in the key of E minor. In this piece, Smetana uses tone painting to evoke the sounds of one of Bohemia’s great rivers. In his own words:

The composition describes the course of the Vltava, starting from the two small springs, the Cold and Warm Vltava, to the unification of both streams into a single current, the course of the Vltava through woods and meadows, through landscapes where a farmer’s wedding is celebrated, the round dance of the mermaids in the night’s moonshine: on the nearby rocks loom proud castles, palaces and ruins aloft. The Vltava swirls into the St John’s Rapids; then it widens and flows toward Prague, past the Vyšehrad, and then majestically vanishes into the distance, ending at the Labe (or Elbe, in German).

 
Smetana, Moldau


La gazza ladra (The Thieving Magpie) is a melodramma or opera semiseria in two acts by Gioachino Rossini. The libretto was by Giovanni Gherardini after La pie voleuse by JMT Badouin d’Aubigny and Louis-Charles Caigniez. The opera is best known for its overture, which is notable for its use of snare drums.

The William Tell Overture is the instrumental introduction to the opera Guillaume Tell (in English, William Tell) by Gioachino RossiniWilliam Tell premiered in 1829 and was the last of Rossini’s 39 operas, after which he went into semi-retirement, although he continued to compose cantatas, sacred music and secular vocal music. The overture is in four parts, each following the next without pause : The Prelude is a slow passage in E major, The Storm is a dynamic section in E minor played by the full orchestra, Ranz des Vaches is a pastorale section in G major signifying the calm after the storm, The Finale (in E major like the Prelude) is an ultra-dynamic « cavalry charge » galop heralded by trumpets and played by the full orchestra.

 
Rossini, Gazza Ladra

 
Rossini, Guillaume Tell


Wagner

Götterdämmerung is the last in Richard Wagner‘s cycle of four operas titled Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung, or The Ring for short). It received its premiere at the Bayreuth Festspielhaus on 17 August 1876, as part of the first complete performance of the Ring.

The title is a translation into German of the Old Norse phrase Ragnarök, which in Norse mythology refers to a prophesied war of the gods that brings about the end of the world. However, as with the rest of the Ring, Wagner’s account of this apocalypse diverges significantly from his Old Norse sources.

 
Wagner, Götterdämmerung

The Keyboard suite in D minor (HWV 437) was composed by George Frideric Handel, for solo keyboard (harpsichord), between 1703 and 1706. It is also referred to as Suite de pièce Vol. 2 No. 4. It was first published in 1733.

Lascia ch’io pianga is a soprano aria which has become a popular concert piece. The melody for the song began its life as an Asian dance in his 1705 opera Almira. As an aria the piece was first used in Handel’s 1707 oratorio Il trionfo del Tempo e del Disinganno; albeit with a different text and name, « Lascia la spina ». Handel later recycled the work for his 1711 operaRinaldo, giving the aria to the character Almirena (portrayed by soprano Isabella Girardeau in the opera’s premiere) in Act II. Rinaldo was a major triumph for Handel, and it is with this work that the aria is chiefly associated. The aria has been recorded by numerous artists, and is featured in several films including Farinelli.

 
Haendel, Sarabande

 
Haendel, Rinaldo


The Six Suites for Unaccompanied Cello by Johann Sebastian Bach are some of the most performed and recognizable solo compositions ever written forcello. They were most likely composed during the period 1717–1723, when Bach served as a Kapellmeister in CöthenThe Prelude, mainly consisting of arpeggiated chords, is probably the best known movement from the entire set of suites and is regularly heard on television and in films. Most students begin with this suite as it is assumed to be easier to play than the others in terms of the technique required.

The Toccata and Fugue in D minorBWV 565, is a piece of organ music attributed to Johann Sebastian Bach. It is one of the most famous works in the organ repertoire, and has been used in a variety of popular media ranging from film, video games, to rock music, and ringtones. The attribution of the piece to Bach is doubtful and it has been challenged since the 1980s by a number of scholars.

Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme is a Lutheran chorale written by Philipp Nicolai, first published in 1599 together with Wie schön leuchtet der Morgenstern. Although popular today as a hymn in both the original German and one of many English translations, it is best known for its use in the chorale cantata Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme, BWV 140 by Johann Sebastian Bach.

 
Bach, Cello Suite 1

 
Bach, Toccata

 
Bach, Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme


Ludwig van Beethoven’s Symphony No. 7 in A major, Op. 92, in 1811, was the seventh of his nine symphonies. He worked on it while staying in the Bohemianspa town of Teplice in the hope of improving his health. It was completed in 1812, and was dedicated to Count Moritz von Fries.At its debut, Beethoven was noted as remarking that it was one of his best works. The second movement Allegretto was the most popular movement and had to be encored. The instant popularity of the Allegretto resulted in its frequent performance separate from the complete symphony.

 
Beethoven, Symphony 7

Symphonie Fantastique: Épisode de la vie d’un Artiste…en cinq parties (Fantastic Symphony: An Episode in the Life of an Artist, in Five Parts), Op. 14, is a Program symphony written by the French composer Hector Berlioz in 1830. It is one of the most important and representative pieces of the early Romantic period, and is still very popular with concert audiences worldwide ; The Fourth movement: « Marche au supplice »(March to the Scaffold) : Berlioz claimed to have written the fourth movement in a single night, reconstructing music from an unfinished project, the opera Les francs-juges.

 
Berlioz, Symphony


Jacques_offenbach

Les contes d’Hoffmann (The Tales of Hoffmann) is an opéra fantastique by Jacques Offenbach. The opera was first performed in a public venue, at the Opéra-Comique on 10 February 1881, without the third (Venice) act. It had been presented in an abridged form at Offenbach’s house, 8 Boulevard des Capucines, on 18 May 1879

 
Offenbach, Les contes d’Hoffmann


Waltz in C-sharp minor Op. 64, No. 2 is the second work of Chopin‘s opus 64 and the companion to the Minute Waltz (Op. 64, No. 1). It consists of three main themesTheme A tempo giusto chordal with a walking pace feel; Theme B più mosso (faster) — theme stated in running eighth notes, with all harmony in the left hand. Theme C più lento (slower) — a sostenuto in the tonic major (D-flat major, enharmonic equivalent to C-sharp major). Besides the slower general pace, the melody is in quarter notes except for a few flourishes in eighth notes, giving this section the quality of an interlude before the dramatic restatement of Theme B.

 
Chopin, Waltz


ennio-morricone« The Ecstasy of Gold » (Italian: L’Estasi dell’Oro) is a musical composition by Ennio Morricone, part of his score for the Sergio Leone film The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. It is played while Tuco (Eli Wallach) is frantically searching a graveyard for the grave that holds $200,000 in gold coins, and also during some of the other scenes in the film. The song is played as Tuco and Blondie (Clint Eastwood) are walking through the desert, and additionally over the closing credits. Sung by Edda Dell’Orso, it stands as one of the most well known of Morricone’s themes.

 
Ennio Morricone, The Ecstasy of Gold.


maxrichterRichter’s recomposed version of Vivaldi’s The Four Seasons was premiered in the UK at the Barbican Centre on 31 October 2012, performed by the Britten Sinfonia, conducted by André de Ridder and with violinist Daniel Hope. Although Richter said that he had discarded 75% of Vivaldi’s original material, the parts he does use are phased and looped, emphasising his grounding in postmodern and minimalist music. The US launch concert in New York at Le Poisson Rouge was recorded by NPR and streamed.

 
Max Richter, Recomposed Season summer.


texts from wikipedia